PHY 601/701 Contemporary Analytical Philosophy

Time : Saturday 11- 13 hrs  N/AT Room # 17
(lecturers  will be completed in 13 weeks)

PHY 601/701 Contemporary Analytical Philosophy

 Course Description

Analytic philosophy is a movement in, and style of, philosophy that began in Britain and America in the early 20th century, and continues to dominate academic philosophy in the English-speaking world. In this course, we examine some of the most important works of this movement. And the course give an understanding of the positive change of the nature, scope and aims of philosophy brought about by Analytical Philosophy.

The topics we’ll cover include philosophical analysis, logical form, Logical Atomism, Logical Positivism and “the linguistic turn” in philosophy. Key philosophers dealt with are : Bartend Russell, G.E. Moore, Wittgenstein, A.J. Ayer, Gilbert Ryle, P.F. Strawson, A.J. Austin

Texts

  • Ayer, Language, Truth and Logic (Dover 1952).
  • Bertrand Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (Open Court 1985).
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations (rev. 4th ed.,Wiley–Blackwell 2009
  • Ryle, Gilbert, The Concept of Mind (Penguin 1966)
Week 1
Historical Background
Introduction to Analytical Culture
Week 2
Rationalism and Empiricism
Kant, Hegel, and British Idealism
Bryan Magee Modern British Philosophy (Secker & Warburg – London 1971);
A.J. Ayer, The Central Questions of Philosophy, ( England: Penguin,1973)
Week 3
Russell -Logical Atomism (i)
Bertrand Russell The Philosophy of Logical Atomism,(Open Court 1985).
Week 4
Russell – Logical Atomism (ii)
Bertrand Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, (Open Court 1985).
Week 5
Early Wittgenstein and Logical Atomism
Week 6
Early Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus,  Introduction by Bertrand Russell, London, (UK, Routledge Press, 1999)
Wittgenstein’s Vienna by Allan Janik and Stephen Toulmin (1973 Simon and Schuster)

First ASSIGNMENT

Week 7
Evaluation of Twentieth Century Science and Philosophical Ideas
Philip Frank, Modern Science and its Philosophy, (Cambridge :  Harvard University Press 1949)
Week 8
Logical Positivism

  1. J. Ayer, Language, Truth and Logic (Dover 1952).
Week 9
Logical Positivism
Rudolf Carnap, “The Elimination of Metaphysics Through the Logical Analysis of Language” [1932], in Logical Positivism, ed. A. J. Ayer (New York: Free Press, 1959):Moritz Schlick, “The Foundation of Knowledge” [1934], in Logical Positivism, ed. A. J. Ayer (New York: Free Press, 1959)
Week 10Later Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, (Wiley–Blackwell 2009)

Second ASSIGNMENT

Week 11
Private Language Theory
Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations  (Wiley–Blackwell 2009)
Week 12
Late 20th Century Philosophy
Gilbert Ryle, “Philosophical Arguments” [1946], in Logical Positivism, ed. A. J. Ayer (New York: Free Press, 1959): 327-344*Philosophy of A.J. Austin and P.F. Strawson
How to Do Things with Words by J L Austin (1962Oxford ) 
Week 13
Some Criticisms on Analytical Philosophy Richard Rorty, Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1979)
Week 14
Application of Analytic Techniques
Week 15
PHIL 429/529 20th Century Analytic Philosophy Spring 2015